Seven Common ESOP Myths and Misconceptions ESOPs were first authorized by federal legislation in 1974. Since that date, there have been more than 25 separate pieces of legislation that have further defined what an ESOP is and what an ESOP is permitted to do. Despite this fact, significant misconceptions about ESOPs persist. The following describes some of the more prevalent myths and misconceptions regarding ESOPs. Hopefully, the explanations provided below will help to dispel many of the misconceptions that currently exist regarding these matters. MISCONCEPTION #1 – The ESOP is primarily an employee benefit plan. The ESOP is not primarily an employee benefit plan. The reverse is true. The ESOP is primarily a tool of corporate finance that is used as an alternative to a sale or merger as a way of creating liquidity and investment diversification for owners of privatelyheld businesses. An ESOP uses the tax advantages afforded to qualified employee benefit plans in order to ... Read More..